Oh! Woman You Are the Devotion.
Is It True?


By
Dr. Gaurav Sethi
Dr. Tamanna Sethi
Dr. Honey Sethi
 


ABSTRACT- It is said by a great poet Jai Shankar Prasad, "naari tum kewal shradha ho!" but if we think/ponder upon that we get confused and ask from our selves- is it true? It is true but the people of the world are trying to fail the proverb. At one hand we are considering that our world is becoming a safe place for woman as the woman is going forward in all the sphere of life infact woman is marching forward in comparison to the man. according to the developments of woman in big countries we consider that woman is now getting her space in the world. Unfortunately, it is wrong . Only the development of NCRs woman, is not the realy development because the women who live in small towns, districts, cities, villages are still in the wait of their space. Now and then we have to see in the newspapers about the harassment upon the woman especially, Sexual Harrasment.

Key Words: devotion, woman, space, harassment

I. INTRODUCTION

The Sexual Harassment of woman at workplace (prevention, prohibition and redressal) act, 2013 is a legislative act in India that seeks to protect women from sexual harassment at their place of work. It was passed by the lok sabha (the lower house of the Indian parliament) on 3 September 2012. it was passed by the rajya sabha (the upper house of the Indian parliament) on February 26, 2013.[1] the bill got the assent of the president on 23 April 2013.[
2]The harassment can be at home by the hands of their kiths and kins, by the hands of employees to the female employer, by the Principal or Director of an educational institution etc. where is woman safe? The answer is "nowhere".

Of the total number of crimes against women reported in 1990, half related to molestation and harassment in the workplace.[3(i)] In 1997, in a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court of India took a strong stand against sexual harassment of women in the workplace. The Court also laid down detailed guidelines for prevention and redressal of grievances. The National Commission for Women subsequently elaborated these guidelines into a Code of Conduct for employers.[3(ii)] Eve teasing is a euphemism used for sexual harassment or molestation of women by men. Many activists blame the rising incidents of sexual harassment against women on the influence of "Western culture". In 1987, The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act was passed [4] to prohibit indecent representation of women through advertisements or in publications, writings, paintings or in any other manner. Eve teasing is a euphemism used in India and sometimes Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal[5] for public sexual harassment, street harassment or molestation of women by men, with Eve being a reference to the biblical Eve.[6]

Rape in India has been described by Radha Kumar as one of India's most common crimes against women[7] and by the UN's human-rights chief as a "national problem".[8]  In the 1980s, women's rights groups lobbied for marital rape to be declared unlawful, as until 1983, the criminal law (amendment) act stated that "sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under fifteen years of age is not rape". Marital rape is now illegal in India but is still widespread.[9] While per-capita reported incidents are quite low compared to other countries, even developed countries, [10] a new case is reported every 20 minutes.[11] New Delhi has the highest rate of rape-reports among Indian cities.[12] Sources show that rape cases in India have doubled between 1990 and 2008.[13] According to the National Crime Records Bureau, 24, 206 rape cases were registered in India in 2011, although experts agree that the number of unreported cases is much higher.[14] According to a BBC report in February 2013, more than 7, 200 children are raped each year in India. Underage victims who do report the assaults are often subjected to mistreatment and humiliation from the police.[15]  A landmark government survey in 2007 revealed that the vast majority of children in India are physically abused and that such occurrences are ?disturbingly common?.[16] In January 2013, a 7 year old girl was raped in the school toilet while studying at school in Goa.[17] Minor girls are trafficked into prostitution in India, often by those women who have been trafficked themselves. As adults they use personal relationships and trust in their villages of origin to recruit additional girls.[18(i)] India is categorized as one of the 'extreme risk' countries for trafficking children.[18(ii)]

A menstrual taboo is anysocial taboo concerned with menstruation. In some societies it involves menstruation being perceived as unclean or embarrassing, extending even to the mention of menstruation both in public (in the media and advertising) and in private (amongst friends, in the household, and with men). Many traditional religions consider menstruation ritually unclean. Different cultures view menstruation differently. Studies in the early 1980s have shown nearly all girls in the USA believed that girls should not talk about menstruation with boys, and more than one-third of the girls did not believe that it was appropriate to discuss menstruation with their fathers.[19] The basis of many conduct norms and communication about menstruation in western industrial societies is the belief that menstruation should remain hidden.[20] In other societies certain menstrual taboos may be practised without the connotation of uncleanness. According to the anthropologists Buckley and Gottlieb cross-cultural study shows that, while taboos about menstruation are nearly universal, a wide range of distinct rules for conduct during menstruation "bespeak quite different, even opposite, purposes and meanings" with meanings that are "ambiguous and often multivalent". [21] In societies of gender inequality, men and women may have different views about what is appropriate stranger interaction in public places. Thus men may not know (or care)  how to interact with women in ways that will be the least offensive or threatening.

II. REMEDY

The most effective weapon against sexual harassment is prevention.  Harassment does not disappear on its own.  In fact, it is more likely that when the problem is not addressed, the harassment will worsen and become more difficult to remedy as time goes on. The tips of remedy are as given:

* Make it clear that this is a workplace where harassment will not be tolerated.

* Provide education and information about harassment to all staff on a regular basis

* Take action to eliminate discriminatory jokes, posters, graffiti, e-mails and photos at the work site

* Examine one's feelings, attitudes, and behaviors in relation to sexual harassment

* Employer liability

* Anti-harassment policies

* Complaints

* Anti harassment training 

* Treat women like human beings, with respect and dignity.

* If you want to say hello to a woman, just smile and nod or say hello. Do not whistle, honk, or make kissy noises at her. Do not say, "Hey baby, " or "Hi cutie. " Those are disrespectful and inappropriate actions and terms to use with a complete stranger.

* The way a woman is dressed does not tell you if she wants to be commented on. If she looks dressed up, do not assume it is to gain the admiration of all men she sees and that you should say something to her. She may enjoy dressing up, she may be dressed up for an event, or she may be dressed up to gain the admiration of a specific person or persons. Unless she has a sign on that says, "Please comment on my looks, " do not do it.

* Stranger rape and harassment are real threats for women. If you find yourself alone with a woman in a deserted parking garage, road, or park, especially at night., keep a respectful distance and do not approach her.

* Unless the comments or actions of men who want to flirt or meet a woman in public to date or "hook up" with are welcome by the woman, they constitute harassment. Here are several things people can keep in mind to avoid being a harasser:

* Do not assume all women are single, heterosexual or bisexual, or interested in male attention or in forming a relationship.

* Differences or similarities in race, class, and age between you and the woman and the woman's sexual orientation can cause her to interpret attention a certain way.

* Women deserve the same right to privacy in public that most men enjoy, and many women will view a man who approaches her for any reason other than a gender-neutral one, such as asking for directions, the time, or to offer assistance, as violating their privacy, and they may be rude or hostile.

* Most of the time, women do not want to be approached for a date by a man in public places like the street or at a bus stop. Women are usually in public for a reason: to commute to school or work, to run errands, or to get exercise, not to meet men. There are times when a woman may be open to meeting someone in public, but they are rare, so keep in mind that chances are great that if you approach a woman, she will not want to meet you to form a relationship.

* If you do approach a woman, try not to do so if it is dark out, if it is a deserted area, if there are no other people around, or if you are with your friends while she is alone. All of these factors can make women feel threatened by any man approaching them.

* Never follow a woman without a good reason, like she dropped her wallet and you are trying to return it. Aside from assault, men following women is the behavior women feel the most threatened by when they are alone in public.

* Only approach a woman when she does not appear to be in a hurry or preoccupied. Initiate the interaction by smiling at her and/or saying hello. If, and only if, she smiles and/or says hello back and then does not hurry away, look away, or otherwise try to ignore you, then you can say something else to her that is respectful and polite, including flirtatious remarks.

* If you say hello and/or smile and the woman hurries away, ignores you or responds rudely, leave her alone. She may not have the time or desire to talk, so be respectful of her schedule and feelings. She may have had a bad harassment or assault experience and now is wary of all men who approach her. You may be the third or fourth person to approach her that day and even if done politely, it can become wearisome and annoying.

* If a woman initiates a conversation with you, be respectful in your responses. If at any point during a conversation a woman looks uncomfortable, gives you one word answers, looks away, or tries to leave, follow her cues and stop talking. If she does not resume the conversation, leave her alone.

* If in any doubt about your behavior, ask yourself the following questions, adopted from Dr. Bernice Sandler's guide "
How Men (and Women) Can Tell if Their Behavior is Sexual Harassment":

* Would I mind if someone treated my spouse, partner, girlfriend, mother, sister, or daughter this way?

* Would I mind if this person told my spouse, partner, girlfriend, mother, sister, or daughter what I was saying and doing?

* Would I do this if I was with my spouse, partner, girlfriend, mother, sister, or daughter?

* When a person objects to my behavior do I apologize and stop, or do I get angry instead?

* Is my behavior reciprocated? Are there specific indications of pleasure and not "she didn't object"?

III. CONCLUSION

The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia.[22] From equal status with men in ancient times[23]  through the low points of the medieval period, [24] to the promotion of equal rights by many reformers, the history of women in India has been eventful. In modern India, women have held high offices in India including that of the President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Leader of the Opposition. As of 2011, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the parliament) were women. However, women in India continue to face atrocities such as rape, acid throwing, dowry killings while young girls are forced into prostitution; as of late rape has seen a sharp increase following several high profile cases of young girls brutally raped in public areas.[25] According to a global poll conducted by Thomson Reuters, India is the "fourth most dangerous country" in the world for women, [26] and the worst country for women among the G20countries.[27]

IV. REFERENCES

1. ""The Sexual Harassment Bill undermines the innovative spirit of Vishaka" ? Naina Kapur, Lawyer and Equality Consultant". Bar and Bench. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2013.

2. ^ "The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 Published in The Gazette of India". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 26 April 2013.

3(i & ii). ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Kalyani Menon-Sen, A. K. Shiva Kumar (2001). "Women in India: How Free? How Equal?". United Nations. Archived from the original on 11 September 2006. Retrieved 24 December 2006.

4^ "The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1987". Retrieved 24 December 2006.

5^ Here It is called eve-teasing Woman, Body, Desire in Post-colonial India: Narratives of Gender and Sexuality, by Jyoti Puri. Published by Routledge, 1999. ISBN 0-415-92128-7. Page 87.

6^ Eve-Teasing The Official Dictionary of Unofficial English, by Grant Barrett. Published by McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006. ISBN 0-07-145804-2. Page 109.

7^ Kumar, Radha (1993). The History of Doing: An Account of Women's Rights and Feminism in India. Zubaan. p. 128. ISBN 978-8185107769.

8^ "India?s women: Rape and murder in Delhi". Economist. com. Retrieved 2013-01-07.

9^ Kinnear, Karen L. (2011). Women in Developing Countries: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. pp. 2627. ISBN 1598844261.

10^  The Irrationality of Rationing (2013-01-25). "Lies, Damned Lies, Rape, and Statistics". Messy Matters. Retrieved 2013-03-17. And ^ Schmalleger, John Humphrey, Frank. Deviant behavior (2nd ed. ed. ). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 252. ISBN 0763797731.

11^ Mohanty, Suchitra. "Indian rape victim's father says he wants her named | Reuters". In. reuters. com. Retrieved 2013-03-17. And ^ "Rape statistics around the world". Indiatribune. com. 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2013-03-15.

12^ "Rape statistics around the world". Indiatribune. com. 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2013-03-17.

13^ "http://www. arabnews. com/indian-student-gang-raped-thrown-bus-new-delhi". AFP. 17 December 2012.

14^ Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director (2012-12-29). "India: Rape Victim?s Death Demands Action | Human Rights Watch". Hrw. org. Retrieved 2013-03-15.

15^ "Rape and murder in Uttar Pradesh". BBC. 18 July 2011.

16^ a b Geeta Pandey (2013-02-07). "BBC News - India child sex victims 'humiliated' - Human Rights Watch". Bbc. co. uk. Retrieved 2013-03-15.

17^ Pandey, Geeta (2007-04-09). "South Asia | Abuse of Indian children 'common'". BBC News. Retrieved 2013-03-15. And ^ "BBC News - India protests in Goa after rape of schoolgirl". Bbc. co. uk. 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2013-03-15.

18^ "Goa rape case: Headmistress knows who the school girl's rapist is? - India - DNA". Dnaindia. com. 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2013-03-15.

19^ Williams, L. R. (1983). "Beliefs and Attitudes of Young Girls Regarding Menstruation". In Menarche, ed. Sharon Golub. Lexington, MA: Lexington.

20^ Laws, S. (1990). Issues of Blood: The Politics of Menstruation. London: Macmillan.

21^ Buckley, T., and Gottlieb, A., eds. (1988). Blood Magic: The Anthropology of Menstruation. Berkeley: University of California Press. (p. 7)

22^ "Rajya Sabha passes Women's Reservation Bill". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2010.

23^ Jayapalan (2001). Indian society and social institutions. Atlantic Publishers & Distri. p. 145. ISBN 978-81-7156-925-0.

24^ a b c d e "Women in History". National Resource Center for Women. Retrieved 24 December 2006.

25^ http://www. aljazeera. com/indepth/features/2012/12/2012122991735307545. html and ^ http://www. deccanherald. com/content/197720/india-home-unspeakable-crimes-against. html and ^ http://articles. timesofindia. indiatimes. com/2013-03-08/patna/37560490_1_international-women-s-day-women-empowerment-bhrc

26^ India is fourth most dangerous place in the world for women, India Today and ^ Afghanistan worst place in the world for women, but India in top five, The Guardian

27^ Baldwin, Katherine (13 Jun 2012). "Canada best G20 country to be a woman, India worst - TrustLaw poll". trust. org. Retrieved 29 Dec 2012.
 

                                                                                                                                                                               

   Published on IndianFaculty.com: 17/06/2013

 Source: E-mail 17/06/2013

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